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HMV "Cockleshell" Monarch Horn Gramophone in Oak
Circa 1905

Originally part of the Ian Calderbank Collection of Gramophones.
This Gramophone has been Sold, but the details might be of interest to fellow Collectors.

From the Ian Calderbank Collection of Gramophones

Gramophones for sale HMV Cockleshell Monarch

Notes about this Gramophone


The Cockleshell was available between 1904 & early 1909. When fitted with a slot for a penny it was known as the "Money box model", in Public houses the Barman would wind it up. Between 1901 and 1907, HMV was known as "The Gramophone and Typewriter Company".
Exhibition Soundbox (first appeared 1903). On the Soundbox front is "Made in USA" "The Gramophone & Typewriter Co. Ltd", "London-Berlin-Paris". "Typewriter" was dropped from the Company name after November 1907. Until after the First World War all HMV Gramophones had Soundboxes imported from the USA and were always numbered (No. 126561).

Goose-Neck patented "tapering" Tone-arm, this first appeared autumn 1903. Prior to this a hinged type Tonearm was in use. The Junior Monarch was still using the old type of Tonearm and black Japanned with gold decoration Back-Support until late 1904. There are two extra holes at the rear of the case, presumably these would have supported the older type of Back-Support, rather than discard cases the Gramophone Company would have modified the case to accept the new Tonearm Back-Support.
Case Height 6", Width 12", Depth 12" is of top grade quarter sawed Oak with Corinthian columns, the tops of the columns are larger than the bases, on three sides is the Shell & Foliage carving. Only the vestiges of the Recording Angel Trademark transfer remain on the back, it would have stated "The Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd, 21 City Road, Finsbury Square E.G., Patented in Great Britain, Germany, France, Austria, Belgium, Russia".
The "Counter-clockwise threaded" green 10" turntable is of cast iron with 2 holes to lighten weight.
The motor is mounted on a circular plate consisting of two 1" springs enclosed in a 3" Barrel, with 30 degree angle governor & direct drive.
The Winding handle with approximately 3" Bar and 3" Crank has a slotted end and is situated towards the front (original ?) of the machine indicating an early model (late 1904 -1905), it has a thumbscrew speed control and cannon brake.
Morning Glory 18" maroon horn bearing HMV round transfer. A 24" diameter Morning Glory horn would have originally been supplied with the Gramophone, I can see why an 18" was substituted when this size became available, it is far more in keeping with the size of machine.

Condition:-
The wooden case is in excellent condition. There is minor pitting to the nickel plate. The Turntable felt has been replaced. Unless I told you it would not be noticed, but the "C" clip which secures the horn to the Back-Support have been replaced. The motor has been serviced by a specialist Gramophone Engineer who has cleaned and repacked the mainsprings in grease ready for another 100 years. The Soundbox diaphragm gasket has been replaced, unfortunately after 100 years rubber perishes and this needs to be done.
In excellent condition bearing in mind the Gramophone is nearly 100 years old

I have tried to describe the Gramophone accurately. However, it must be born in mind unlike many "Antiques" that have been safely stored against the ravages of time in a display cabinet; the Gramophone was a Domestic Appliance which was a main source of home entertainment.
Realistically the only Gramophones that won't show signs of age are over restored examples, or the reproduction models imported from the Far East.

HMV "Cockleshell" Monarch Horn Gramophone

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